Treatment Options for Nasal Polyps
Nasal polyps are soft, jelly-like overgrowths happening in the lining of sinuses. They will show up as grayish grape-like mass in the nasal cavity. Polyps in the nose and sinuses are rarely malignant. However large polyps can cause sinus blockage, which makes it hard to breathe. Even so, many nasal polyp problems could be helped.
Nasal Polyps Occur in about One in 200 People
Most of the time, the cause is rarely identified. Some may be a result of swelling from a sinus infection. Other factors such as asthma or pain killers sensitivity and also allergy symptoms may also trigger polyps and cause them to become grow faster. Also, the chance of reoccurrence will be greater even after sinus operations.
- Polyps block the nose, and in most cases there is a decrease in the sense of smell.
- Because much of our own sense of taste is related to the sense of smell, patients with polyp may describe a loss in both taste and odor.
Nasal Obstruction can Also Occur
The paths in which the sinuses drain into the nose can be blocked by polyp. This would make the mucous to remain in the sinuses, causing blockage. It can also cause pressure over the forehead and face. When mucous is incorporated in the sinuses too much time, there is a high risk of infection.
Although a lot of people with nasal polyps have no symptoms and require no treatment, those who do encounter signs and symptoms have different treatment options.
The polyps are a result of a sinus infection, they often is going to be handled as how sinusitis symptoms are treated. Aggressive medical treatment of sinus infection is actually useful to treat polyp growths. Nose sprays are the most effective because they allow easy topical using medication to the infected areas.
Other Treatment Plans Include:
Surgical elimination - the polyp will be taken out surgically in the affected area. Removing the polyps with surgical treatment usually allows people in order to breathe easier through the nose. The surgery endures roughly 45 minutes in order to 1 hour. The surgical procedure can be achieved under general or neighborhood anaesthesia, and also the polyps are usually taken out using endoscopic surgery. Recovery from this type of surgery is anywhere from one to three weeks. However, there is a danger of re-growth in 50% of patients.
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- Cortisone or steroids - the polyp can shrink down temporarily and slow down polyp growth.
- Cortisone can't be taken long term due to high risk of side effects.
Sinus Rinse or Nasal Lavage
Nose rinses with warm water mixed with a small amount of salt can be very helpful to clear sinuses. This method can also be used as a preventive measure to discourage the polyps from growing back and may be used in conjunction with a sinus steroid.
Allergy desensitization injections- sometimes used in allergic patients with hay fever as well as polyps. Even though this often helps with hay fever and for that reason cuts down on fever's negative effects on the polyps, there is no guarantee that the shots help shrink the polyps directly.
Although there is no real way to prevent or get rid of nasal polyps completely, therapy directed at the main cause might help.